Hong Kong (0.8), Singapore (1.0), San Marino (1.1), Macau (1.1), Aruba (1.2), Malta (1.2), China (1.2), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1.3), Puerto Rico (1.3), Cyprus (1.3), Japan (1.3), Italy (1.3) and Jamaica (1.3) are the countries and territories with a worse fertility record than Portugal.

The report shows that 23% of the Portuguese are over 65 years old and 38% are in the age group from zero to 24 years old. The United Nations report accounts for 64% of Portuguese aged between 15 and 24 years.

UNFPA notes that average global life expectancy reached 72.8 years in 2019, an increase of nearly nine years since 1990, and is expected to reach 77.2 years by 2050, after accounting for the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In Portugal, the average life expectancy is 85 years for women and 80 years for men.

UNFPA defended that family planning and fertility should not be a tool for demography, refuting the idea that "too many people are born".

According to the report, the world's population reached eight billion people in November 2022 and this year India will surpass China's population for the first time.