In 2023, renewables were responsible for 61% of electrical energy consumption in the country, a total of 31.2 terawatt-hours (TWh), the highest value ever in the national system.

From January to March, renewable production was responsible for 89% of consumption, the highest value for a first quarter since 1978, when the national system did not yet have a relevant thermal component.

In the first quarter, the hydroelectric producibility index was 1.38, the wind producibility index was 1.07 and the solar producibility index was 0.87 (historical averages of 1).

Hydroelectric energy was responsible for supplying 47% of consumption, wind energy 31%, photovoltaic energy 6%, and biomass 5%, while natural gas production supplied 11% of consumption.

The balance of exchanges with foreigners was slightly export-oriented, equivalent to around 1% of national consumption.

In March, electricity consumption registered a year-on-year growth of 1.6%, or 2.9% correcting for the effects of temperature and the number of working days, while in the quarter there was an increase of 1.1%, or 2.6% with that correction.

In the third month of the year, hydroelectric production recorded a producibility index of 1.78 (historical average of 1) and a new maximum power delivered to the grid of 7,280 megawatts (MW) on the 11th.

The wind productivity index stood at 1.15 while solar recorded a productivity index of 0.86 (historical averages of 1) and the monthly balance of exchanges with abroad was exporting, which is happening for the first time this year, equivalent to around 11% of national consumption.